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Lockheed Martin Robotics Seminar
Rehabilitation Robotics and Movement Primitives
Hermano Igo Krebs
Principal Research Scientist and Lecturer
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Department of Neurology
University of Maryland School of Medicine,
The field of rehabilitation robotics has grown steadily over the past decade, making significant clinical contributions. Studies have demonstrated both the efficacy and advantages of robotics for assessing and treating motor impairment. Recent guidelines, such as the 2010 AHA American Heart Association’s “Comprehensive Overview of Nursing and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Care of the Stroke Patient,” endorsed the use of rehabilitation robotics for upper extremity rehabilitation. The same is true of the 2010 VA/DOD guidelines. The recent 2016 AHA guidelines reaffirmed the same standing. The purpose of this talk is (1) to provide a concise yet broad-based review of the neuroscience basis of motor rehabilitation for the upper and lower extremity, (2) review the state-of-the-art for upper extremity robotics, (3) and lower extremity rehabilitation robotics, and (5) describe how the concept of movement primitives can guide further developments.
Dr. Hermano Igo Krebs has been a Principal Research Scientist and Lecturer at MIT’s Mechanical Engineering Department since 1997. He also holds an affiliate position as an Adjunct Professor at University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, and as a Visiting Professor at Fujita Health University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Japan), at University of Newcastle, Institute of Neuroscience (UK), at Osaka University, Mechanical Science and Bioengineering Department (Japan), and at Loughborough University, Rehabilitation Robotics of The Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical, and Manufacturing Engineering (UK). He is a member of the Collegio dei Docenti of the PhD programme in Biomedical Engineering of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Italy (“Dottorato di Ricerca in Ingegneria Biomedica”). He is a Fellow of the IEEE. Dr. Krebs was nominated by two of IEEE societies: IEEE-EMBS (Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society) and IEEE-RAS (Robotics and Automation Society) to this distinguished engineering status “for contributions to rehabilitation robotics and the understanding of neuro-rehabilitation.” His work goes beyond Stroke and has been extended to Cerebral Palsy for which he received “The 2009 Isabelle and Leonard H. Goldenson Technology and Rehabilitation Award,” from the Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation (CPIRF). In 2015, he received the IEEE-INABA Technical Award for Innovation leading to Production “for contributions to medical technology innovation and translation into commercial applications for Rehabilitation Robotics.” His goal is to revolutionize the way rehabilitation medicine is practiced today by applying robotics and information technology to assist, enhance, and quantify rehabilitation. He was one of the founders, member of the Board of Directors, and the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Interactive Motion Technologies from 1998 to 2016. He successfully sold it to Bionik Laboratories, a publicly traded company, where he served as its Chief Science Officer and as a member of the Board of Directors until July 2017. He founded 4Motion Robotics in August 2017.